Klara Zwickl is a postdoctoral researcher at the Institute for Ecological Economics, Vienna University of Economics and Business. Her research interests include environmental inequality, economic and environmental policy, and applied econometrics. She holds a Ph.D in economics from the University of Massachusetts Amherst. She has published in Ecological Economics, International Review of Applied Economics, and Empirical Economics (forthcoming).
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Using data on industrial air pollution exposure in the United States, we compute three measures of environmental inequality: the Gini coefficient of exposure, the ratio of median exposure of minorities to that of non-Hispanic whites, and the ratio of median exposure of poor households to that of nonpoor households.