Bruce Caldwell

Bruce Caldwell is a Research Professor of Economics and the Director of the Center for the History of Political Economy at Duke University. He is the author of Beyond Positivism: Economic Methodology in the 20th Century, first published in 1982. For the past two decades his research has focused on the multi-faceted writings of the Nobel prize-winning economist and social theorist Friedrich A. Hayek. Caldwell’s intellectual biography of Hayek, Hayek’s Challenge, was published in 2004 by the University of Chicago Press. Since 2002 he has been the General Editor of The Collected Works of F.A. Hayek, a collection of Hayek’s writings published jointly by the University of Chicago Press and Routledge. Caldwell has held research fellowships at New York University, Cambridge University, and the London School of Economics. He is a past president of the History of Economics Society, a past Executive Director of the International Network for Economic Method, and a Life Member of Clare Hall, Cambridge. In 2011 he will begin serving as President of the Southern Economic Association.

By this expert

On Adam Smith

Paper Conference paper | | Oct 2017

Given that this is a panel on that quintessential Enlightenment thinker Adam Smith, I can think of no better way to begin my remarks than to invoke that most enlightened of modern economists, Kenneth Boulding, who in 1971 penned the delightful essay, “After Samuelson, Who Needs Adam Smith?” 

Cambridge Talk on Hayek

Paper Conference paper | | Apr 2011

Tonight I will talk briefly about the Keynes-Hayek relationship, then will focus on some of Hayek’s insights that may be of relevance today.

Featuring this expert

Who Is Friedrich Hayek?

Video | Mar 15, 2023

Bruce Caldwell has spent the last several decades investigating the nuances of the life and legacy of this great mind. In this episode he shares some of the key insights he has learned along the way, what is often misunderstood, and what Hayek can still teach us as we confront today’s social challenges.

New Economic Thinking Needs Old Ideas

Video | Oct 17, 2018

Investigating the history of economic thought fuels innovative thinking 


From the Origins of Economic Ideas to the Challenges of Our Time

Event Plenary | Oct 21–23, 2017

INET gathered hundreds of new economic thinkers in Edinburgh to discuss the past, present, and future of the economics profession.

Why Economics Needs the History of Thought

Video | Jun 29, 2011

Who is going to teach fields like economic methodology and the history of economic thought if these fields aren’t taught to current graduate students?